Monday, January 16, 2023

How to Take Screenshot on Windows 11

 How to take screenshots on Windows 11 is a common query. If you want to know the methods that work, continue reading.

Screenshots work as a tangible reference for anything that’s taking place on your computer screen.

While downloading media isn’t supported by certain websites and social media, you can take screenshots in those cases.


Taking screenshots on your Windows 11 laptop or desktop is simple and easy. Using some handy keyboard shortcuts, you can capture a screenshot in Windows 11.

How to Take Screenshots on Windows 11 in 5 Different Ways

Method 1: Use PrtSc Key

The Print Screen key on a keyboard

It’s undoubtedly the most commonly used method for taking screenshots on Windows 11 and earlier versions of Windows OS.

Almost everyone is familiar with this method, which involves clicking on the Print Screen (PrtSc) key. It can take screenshots of your complete screen.

The only problem with this method is that you can’t directly use the screenshot. You need to paste it into some app and save it.

To help the readers, we compiled all the necessary steps below to take screenshots using the PrtSc key:

  • Make sure the page you want to take the screenshot of is evident on your screen.
  • Press the Print Screen or (PrtSc) key on your keyboard.
  • Thus, the screenshot is copied on the clipboard.
  • Open any app like Microsoft Paint that allows pasting a copied image from the clipboard.
  • On a blank Paint file, press the CTRL + V keys or click on the Paste button.
  • The screenshot will be visible on Paint.
  • Press the CTRL + S together or click the Save button.
  • A window will appear where you need to add the file name and may change the storage location.
  • Click on the Save button.

That’s it! It’s how you can take a screenshot on Windows 11.

Method 2: Snipping Tool

Windows 11 Snipping Tool is a much more convenient alternative to the previous method. It’s a built-in tool that lets you take screenshots, save them, share them, and do more.

You can either open this tool from your app list or press the Windows+Shift+S keys to open it directly. Here is how to take screenshots on Windows 11 with Snipping Tool.

  • Open the Snipping Tool from the Start menu and click on the New (scissors icon) button.
  • You can also use the Windows + Shift + S shortcut to take a screenshot.
How to Take Screenshots on Windows 11 using the Windows snipping tool
  • A small toolbar will be visible on top of the screen.
  • There will be four options: rectangular, freeform, window, and fullscreen.
  • Choose your preferred one.
  • You must select the screen area with the cursor for the first two options.
  • Once the selection is complete, the tool will take the screenshot and make it available on the Snipping Tool window.
  • From there, you can edit, annotate, save or share the file.

Method 3: Xbox Game Bar

Do you know that Xbox Game Bar also comes with the option that lets you take screenshots on Windows 11?

If you’re a serious gamer, you must already be aware of that. This section could be quite a revelation for the rest of the readers!

It’s capable of capturing your entire screen, barring the Windows toolbar. The screenshots are saved in this folder:

  • From any screen, press the Windows+G keys.
How to Take Screenshot on Windows 11 using Xbox Game Bar
  • It’ll open the Xbox Game Bar on top of your screen.
  • A small window containing a capture button (camera icon) will also appear. Click on that button.
  • The screenshot will be taken successfully by the app.
  • To check the latest capture, you can click on the prompt shown by the Xbox Game Bar.
  • You can also click on the See my captures on the Capture window to view all screenshots it took.

What to Do If Windows+G Doesn’t Open the Capture Window?

If Windows+G only brings the bar but not the capture windows, it’s because the capture widget is not selected in the settings of Xbox Game Bar. Here is how to fix that:

  • On the Xbox Game Bar, click on the Widget Menu. It’s usually the leftmost button of the bar or located beside the Xbox icon.
  • Click on the star icon beside Capture to make it a favorite. It’ll put the capture on the main bar.
  • Click on it to open the small Widget windows. Unless you use any other feature from the bar, pressing CTRL+G will open the capture window along with the Xbox Game Bar.

Method 4: Use Windows+PrtSc Keys

This method is a tweaked version of the popular PrtSc way. It allows you to take screenshots and save them immediately.

To take a screenshot of your Windows 11 laptop screen, you can press Windows + PrtSc. Your screen will dim for a second, which symbolizes the screenshot capturing.

The screenshots taken in this method are stored in the Screenshots folder, which you can find in the Pictures folder.

The default image file format is PNG. Moreover, after taking the screenshot, you can even use it in different apps by pasting it.

Method 5: Use Alt+PrtSc Keys

How to Take Screenshot on Windows 11 using Alt PrtSc

Imagine you have several windows open on your computer and don’t want those to appear in the screenshot.

Using the PrtSc key will need you to crop the screenshot later. You are using Alt+PrtSc. This method will only take a screenshot of your active window, hiding the Windows taskbar.

After taking the screenshot, you need to paste it into tools like Microsoft Paint and save it for further use.


Screenshots are helpful when you need to captwhat’sat’s on your computer screen. Most know one or two standard methods to capture screenshots in Windows 11.

But these popular methods don’t always fit your specific needs, such as taking screenshots of a particular area of your screen.

These were the different methods for taking screenshots on Windows 11 usingfive5 different techniques. If one metdoesn’tsn’t work for some reason, you can try others.

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Tuesday, January 10, 2023

What is a Brute-Force Attack?

 There are many extremely technical and sophisticated hacks out there. As you might be able to guess from the name, a brute-force attack, isn’t really all that. That isn’t to say that you should ignore them. As unsophisticated as they are, they can be very effective. Given enough time and processing power, a brute-force attack should always have a 100% success rate.


There are two main sub-classes: online and offline attacks. An online brute-force attack doesn’t necessarily involve the Internet. Instead, it is a class of attack that directly targets the running system. An offline attack can be performed without needing to interact with the system that’s under attack.

But how can you attack a system without attacking the system? Well, data breaches often contain lists of leaked usernames and passwords. Security advice though, recommends that passwords are stored in a hashed format. These hashes can only be cracked by guessing the right password. Unfortunately, now that the list of hashes is publicly available, an attacker can just download the list and try to crack them on their own computer. With enough time and processing power, this lets them know a list of valid usernames and passwords with 100% certainty before ever connecting to the affected site.


An online attack in comparison would try logging into the website directly. Not only is this a lot slower, but it’s also noticeable by pretty much any system owner that cares to look. As such, offline brute-force attacks are typically preferred by attackers. Sometimes, however, they may not be possible.

Brute-forcing credentials

The easiest class to understand and the most common threat is brute-forcing login details. In this scenario, an attacker literally tries as many combinations of usernames and passwords as possible to see what works. As covered above, in an online brute-force attack, the attacker may simply try entering as many combinations of username and password into the login form. This sort of attack generates a lot of traffic and failed login attempt errors which may be noticed by a system administrator who then may take action to block the attacker.

An offline brute-force attack revolves around cracking password hashes. This process literally takes the form of guessing every possible combination of characters. Given enough time and processing power, it would successfully crack any password using any hashing scheme. Modern hashing schemes designed for password hashing, however, have been designed to be “slow” and are typically tuned to take tens of milliseconds. This means that even with a huge amount of processing power, it will take many billions of years to crack a decently long password.

To try to increase the odds of cracking most passwords, hackers tend to use dictionary attacks instead. This involves trying a list of commonly used or previously cracked passwords to see if any in the current set have already been seen. Despite security advice to use unique, long, and complex passwords for everything, this strategy of a dictionary attack is typically very successful cracking roughly 75-95% of passwords. This strategy still takes lots of processing power and is still a type of brute-force attack, it’s just slightly more targeted than a standard brute-force attack.

Other types of brute-force attack

There are many other ways to use brute-force. Some attacks involve trying to gain physical access to a device or system. Typically an attacker will try to be stealthy about it. For example, they may try to stealthily pick-pocket a phone, they may try to pick a lock, or they may tailgate through an access-controlled door. Brute-force alternatives to these tend to be very literal, using actual physical force.


In some cases, some of a secret may be known. A brute-force attack can be used to guess the rest of it. For example, a few digits of your credit card number are often printed on receipts. An attacker could try all possible combinations of other numbers to work out your full card number. This is why most numbers are blanked out. The last four digits, for example, are enough to identify your card, but not enough for an attacker to have a decent chance of guessing the rest of the card number.

DDOS attacks are a type of brute-force attack. They aim to overwhelm the targeted system’s resources. It doesn’t really matter which resource. it could be CPU power, network bandwidth, or reaching a cloud processing price cap. DDOS attacks literally just involve sending enough network traffic to overwhelm the victim. It doesn’t actually “hack” anything.


A brute-force attack is a type of attack that involves relying on sheer luck, time, and effort. There are plenty of different types of brute-force attack. While some of them can involve somewhat sophisticated tools to carry out such as password-cracking software, the attack itself is not sophisticated. This does not mean that brute-force attacks are paper tigers though, as the concept can be very effective.

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